At the airports where we operate, the majority of gaseous emissions and particulates are emitted by aircraft movements (taxiing, takeoff and landing). The remainder is produced by ground activities, maintenance operations, logistics and road access to the airport for passengers, employees and suppliers.

L’investissement dans d’autres projets sur la connaissance et la conservation de la biodiversité contribue également à comprendre le dilemme associé aux services écosystémiques comme à la production des biocarburants durables. Si certains types de biocarburants destinés au transport routier peuvent avoir un impact négatif sur la biodiversité, le groupe Air France - KLM veut garantir l’utilisation de carburants aéronautiques durables qui ont l’impact le plus faible sur l’approvisionnement en nourriture, la biodiversité et un impact positif sur le développement local.


We aim to reduce our local emissions to lower our local impact. To reach this goal, we focus on the following measures:

  • a modern fleet with more energy‑efficient aircraft;
  • electric or more efficient ground vehicles and runway equipment, powered by cleaner fuels;
  • optimized operational procedures for the ground operations: taxiing time, taxiing using just one engine, the use of ground power units (GPUs) to ensure the functioning of on‑board systems, replacing the Auxiliary Power Units (APUs) on kerosene‑powered aircraft.developing eco-mobility solutions for employees

We monitor our atmospheric emissions for both flight and ground operations, including low altitude emissions which impact the quality of the air around airports. The reported ndicators cover emissions of CO2and NOx

Air quality is measured at Amsterdam Schiphol, Paris Airports and in other airport areas.

  • In France, the SURVOL Observatory (implemented and supported by the Airparif organization) monitors air quality in the airport surrounding areas of Ile-de-France. This monitoring has enabled evaluation of the impact of airport activities on air quality, building a database of pollutant levels for future health studies, and keeping local residents informed.
  • In 2017 the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) started a study to the health impact of ultrafine particles of air transport on the neighbouring communities. In 2019 the first interim results were published describing short term impacts. The results on long-term health impacts of exposure to ultrafine particles are expected in 2021.
  • KLM is committed to contribute to the government’s and Schiphol’s local emission reduction plans covering ultrafine particles and nitrogen.


In order to reduce emissions in the immediate environment of aircraft handling areas, rather than using kerosene-powered Auxiliary Power Units (APUs), we use the following Ground Support Equipment (GSE):

  • Fixed Electrical Power Units (FPUs) where possible, to power aircraft;
  • Pre-Conditioned Air (PCA) units that maintain an acceptable temperature onboard the aircraft;
  • Ground Power Units (GPUs), as well as an increasing number of aircraft towing trucks, equipped with automatic power-shutdown systems.

In 2020, we achieved the following results in our mission to reduce local impact and improve local air quality:

  • Almost 50% and 62% respectively of the Ground Support Equipment (GSE) used at Paris-CDG and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is electric.
  • Air France replaced the diesel engines on twelve conveyor belt vehicles with electric motors powered by a new type of lithium-ion batteries from recycled car batteries. This reduced CO2 emissions by 3 tonnes per year per conveyor belt. To develop this collaborative project, Air France has chosen to team up with CarWatt, a French startup that retrieves used lithium-ion batteries from individual electric vehicles and recycles them to give them a new life.
  • At Air France, an increased budget for 2019 enabled investment in runway equipment meeting the new environmental standards in force and the development of electrical power. For ground vehicles, hybrid petrol and electric engines are prioritized when renewing the fleet. The company has set itself a target of 90% of its ramp vehicles and equipment to be electrically-powered by 2025.
  • Air France is accelerating the use of electric power converters (ACUs) for the air conditioning of aircraft on the ground. This enables a reduction in emissions due to the use of thermal ACUs, APUs and GPUs.
  • KLM increased the proportion of full-electric ground support equipment to 62% in 2020 , thereby reducing CO2 and local emissions.
  • Since 2019, all the ground support equipment at Schiphol airport has been powered by Gas-to-Liquid (GTL), a transition initiated by KLM to ensure a substantial reduction in the related local emissions. This type of fuel is used for all GSE that has not yet been replaced by an electric alternative.

Since 2011,  local NOx emissions from ground operations reduced by 7%. This has been achieved by introducing more efficient or electric GSE and vehicles, using cleaner fuels and by reducing gas use.


To reduce local impact, Air France-KLM offer eco-mobility solutions to their employees whose commuting trips represent about 6% of scope 3 CO2emissions.

Employee commuting

With more than 80% of staff commuting to work by car, the Air France mobility plans aim to increase employee awareness and to reduce pollutant emissions linked to home-work commuting by promoting public transport, making temporary offices available, encouraging remote working, and creating a car pooling website. This is thus a major challenge for the company, in terms of both the environment and health and safety in the workplace.

In 2020, the Air France Mobility Plans were based on the same actions as in 2019. However, these actions were pursued at a slower pace in view of the health situation. Remote working, which become mandatory to contend with the unfolding health emergency, was the main focus. The statistics for the results of this action are exceptional and are not representative: 13,175 employees worked remotely in France during 2020, i.e. a 131% increase versus 2019. The related unrealized home‑workplace commuting represented close to 26 million kilometers and the avoidance of 6,912 tons of CO2.

The initiatives under way include the:

  • promotion of public transport;
  • implementation of charging terminals for electric vehicles in car parks;
  • participation in the development of the car share platform available free of charge to employees of Air France and those of sixteen other companies. In the French provinces, car sharing is also encouraged and supported;
  • raising employee awareness of the link between air quality and methods of commuting to/from work;
  • making temporary offices available;
  • implementing collective initiatives with the other companies located at each work site to maximize the effectiveness of the measures.

Other avenues are also being studied like carpooling and the development of environmentally‑friendly transportation methods like cycling.

In the Paris area, Air France works with the R’PRO’Mobilité association on implementing an inter-company mobility plan at Paris-CDG airport. In 2019, Air France also actively contributed to the creation of the Orly’Pro’Mobility association in favor of a new inter-company mobility plan at Paris-Orly airport. Air France has pooled its resources with those of large companies around the airports to promote responsible mobility. Other options, such as carpooling and the stimulation of environmental friendly transportation methods like cycling, are also being examined, while continuing to support the development of carpooling.

KLM promotes the use of public transport by providing free access to transport around Schiphol and KLM’s offices to its employees. In 2019, Schiphol introduced a successful pilot with shared bicycles at Schiphol-East complementary to the public transport. The shared FlickBikes are extensively being used by KLM employees.

In 2019, KLM made the ridesharing app Toogethr available to all employees in order to stimulate carpooling and to make commuting cheaper, more social and more sustainable. In addition, new charging points for electric vehicles were installed at certain KLM locations.